Hi Ken,

Thanks for the reply. I have verified the output of op-amp is in nominal operation range. In fact, what I am doing here is emulating the condition when the integrator is used inside an sdm with vin=0, which results in 10101010 limit cycle output. The way I do this is by switching V+ and V- back and forth by modulating the corresponding switches so that there is equal charge and discharge forcing the op-amp into this periodic state.

I have a question about stability. I see the PSTB output is shaped by the integrator transfer function (shows something like the one I have attached (blue curve is what i see for pstb loop gain)). Is this expected when run pstb for an integrator, as it's integrating. I don't see this on the other hand if I, say, reset the capacitor C2 each cycle, thereby making it work like a switched capacitor amplifier & the effective transfer function looks like op-amp transfer function.

As far as pnoise is concerned, I am now trying to replicate what you mentioned in your document (using track and hold feedback) and see if I can measure it closed loop.

https://designers-guide.org/analysis/delta-sigma.pdf**UPDATE: the pnoise method using track & hold feedback does seem to work and match with tran noise simulation if I integrate till fclk/2. Why does sampled pnoise show values beyond fclk/2. It doesn't make sense. Also, this method is valid only upto frequencies until which PAC gain >1, right? Beyond that it may be over-estimating the noise****Also, why does the closed loop gain in Fig 15 of this reference (https://designers-guide.org/analysis/delta-sigma.pdf) show a value > 1? Since it's in unity gain feedback, I expect that number to be equal to 1.**