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Oct 19th, 2020, 4:06pm
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stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop (Read 224 times)
tulip
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stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Sep 4th, 2020, 8:05am
 
I designed a circuit having one feedback and one feed forward loop, the feed forward loop is used to provide a zero to improve the phase margin of the feedback loop.
When I break the feedback loop, the stb analysis shows the loop is stable, but when I break the the feedforward loop, the stb analyais shows the loop is unstable.
The transient reponse of the circuit is stable.

In cadence help file "spectreref.pdf", it says: The  loop-based algorithm can only be performed on individual feedback loops to ensure that they are stable. Although the stability of all feedback loops is only a necessary condition for the whole circuit to be stable, the multi-loop circuit tends to be stable if all individual loops are associated with reasonable stability margins.

Does cadence mean that if one of the loop of a multi-loop circuit is unstable, the whole circuit is unstable?
How can I check the stability of the circuit I designed?

Thank you very much.
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« Last Edit: Sep 05th, 2020, 5:11am by tulip »  

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Rakesh
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #1 - Oct 7th, 2020, 8:28pm
 
Can you post some schematic diagram
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tulip
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #2 - Oct 9th, 2020, 6:30am
 
This circuit is a buffer(common mode feedback circuit not shown)
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buffer.jpg

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tulip
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #3 - Oct 9th, 2020, 6:43am
 
I added diffstbprobe at A, and plot the magnitude and phase response. The circuit seems stable.
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diffstb-A.jpg

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tulip
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #4 - Oct 9th, 2020, 6:50am
 
I added diffstbprobe at location B, and plot the magnitude and phase response. at 269mdB gain, its phase margin is only 22 degree. From this figure, it seems the circuit has the risk of oscillate.
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« Last Edit: Oct 10th, 2020, 12:55am by tulip »  

diffstb-B.jpg

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Frank Wiedmann
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #5 - Oct 12th, 2020, 5:06am
 
If the path through B is a feed-forward path, then there should be no significant feedback loop in that place. Anyway, examining a local loop with the global loop being active often gives rather strange results because the signal also goes around the global loop.
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tulip
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Re: stability for ckts having one feedback and one forward loop
Reply #6 - Oct 15th, 2020, 6:03pm
 
Thank you very much. After these days of thinking, I  deemed that I should break the loop at point A to caculate the phase margin of the opamp.

The reason is : the capacitors are used to provide frequency compensation, after conpensation, the opamp can be considered as an amplifier with a stable transfer fuction T(s), so, the nyquist plot of T(jw) can be used to determine the feedback amplifer's stability, the position A is the appropriate position to break the feedback loop.
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