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how to measure phase noise of PLL? (Read 14940 times)
liletian
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how to measure phase noise of PLL?
May 09th, 2009, 5:56pm
 
 Hi Guys
 I would like to measure phase noise of my PLL, I had spectrum analysize, is there a tutorial how to measure phase noise?
 Thank you
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pancho_hideboo
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #1 - May 9th, 2009, 6:38pm
 
liletian wrote on May 9th, 2009, 5:56pm:
I would like to measure phase noise of my PLL, I had spectrum analysize, is there a tutorial how to measure phase noise?
What is spectrum analysize ?
If you mean "Spectrum Analyzer", show me product number and options you have.
If you have "Phase Noise Measurement" option, measuring phase noise is very straightforward.

However I don't think your PLL can reach to valuable level to evaluate phase noise.
Do you understand "Comparison Frequency" ?
http://www.designers-guide.org/Forum/YaBB.pl?num=1241452951/8#8
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« Last Edit: May 10th, 2009, 8:41am by pancho_hideboo »  
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liletian
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #2 - May 9th, 2009, 7:08pm
 
[quote author=pancho_hideboo link=1241917016/0#1 date=1241919530]liletian wrote on May 9th, 2009, 5:56pm:
I would like to measure phase noise of my PLL, I had spectrum analysize, is there a tutorial how to measure phase noise?
What is spectrum analysize ?
If you mean "Spectrum Analyzer", show me product number and options you have.
If you have "Phase Noise Measurement" option, measuring phase noise is very straightforward.

Agilent N9020A
However I don't think your PLL can reach to valuable level to evaluate phase noise.
Do you understand "Comparison Frequency" ?
not really yet, if you can explain, I will appreciate it.
thank you
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pancho_hideboo
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #3 - May 10th, 2009, 8:47am
 
liletian wrote on May 9th, 2009, 7:08pm:
pancho_hideboo wrote on May 9th, 2009, 6:38pm:
If you mean "Spectrum Analyzer", show me product number and options you have.
Agilent N9020A
Do you have "N9068A Phase Noise Measurement Application" ?
http://www.home.agilent.com/agilent/product.jspx?cc=US&lc=eng&ckey=842945&nid=-3...

If you have this N9068A, measuring phase noise is very straightforward.

liletian wrote on May 9th, 2009, 7:08pm:
pancho_hideboo wrote on May 9th, 2009, 6:38pm:
However I don't think your PLL can reach to valuable level to evaluate phase noise.
Do you understand "Comparison Frequency" ?
not really yet, if you can explain, I will appreciate it.
I'm not kind and patient enough for explaining such too basic issues.

Other people who is very kind and patient will help you.
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rfmems
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #4 - May 10th, 2009, 11:18pm
 
Hi liletian,

In your pll, you vco frequency has to be divided and then compared in PD/PFD with your reference.

I guess you are desiging/measuring a pll with external loop filter, if that is the case, please read dean's book, availble at http://wireless.national.com.
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love_analog
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #5 - Apr 27th, 2010, 9:26pm
 
Just use a spectrum analyzer. Put your PLL output in it and the spectrum analyzer will give you exactly the phase noise at each frequency point in dbc/Hz
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pancho_hideboo
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #6 - Apr 28th, 2010, 8:52am
 
love_analog wrote on Apr 27th, 2010, 9:26pm:
Just use a spectrum analyzer.
Put your PLL output in it and the spectrum analyzer will give you exactly the phase noise at each frequency point in dbc/Hz
Not correct.

It is a CNR not true phase noise if you use conventional Spectrum Analyzer without phase noise measurement option.

First, you can't measure CNR for very small offset frequency if you use conventional Spectrum Analyzer.
Second, it is no more than normalized sideband noise not PM noise if you use conventional Spectrum Analyzer.

See the followings.
http://www.designers-guide.org/Forum/YaBB.pl?num=1050465395/22#22
http://www.designers-guide.org/Forum/YaBB.pl?num=1256925601/4#4

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« Last Edit: Apr 28th, 2010, 11:45am by pancho_hideboo »  
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love_analog
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #7 - May 1st, 2010, 8:51am
 
I need a little education here because that is what I have been using throughout.

I understand a spectrum analyzer cannot distinguish between AM and PM noise. However, typically AM noise is at a much higher frequency >> 1Mhz so I do not care that much about the split at ~1Meg

My understand was the dbc/Hz read is really the phase noise.

What is CNR? In a practical scenario, how much difference is there between the "real" phase noise and the reading from a spectrum analyzer.
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pancho_hideboo
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #8 - May 1st, 2010, 9:17am
 
love_analog wrote on May 1st, 2010, 8:51am:
My understand was the dbc/Hz read is really the phase noise.
No.
It is no more than C/N0 ; Carrier Power to Noise Power Density Ratio

love_analog wrote on May 1st, 2010, 8:51am:
What is CNR?
C/N ; Carrier Power to Noise Power Ratio.

Noise Marker Mode in conventional Spectrum Analyzer shows C/N0 or C/N.

love_analog wrote on May 1st, 2010, 8:51am:
In a practical scenario, how much difference is there between the "real" phase noise and the reading from a spectrum analyzer.
I don't have good examples now.

I can't measure C/N0 at small offset frequency correctly using conventional Spectrum Analyzer.

I have many instruments as well as EDA tools.
When I have spare time, I will create actual measurement examples.

We can't measure Carrier Power correctly because we can't separate carrier and noise clearly in actual measurement.

On the other hand, carrier and noise are evaluated separately in small signal noise analysis subjected to master steady state large signal analysis such as Cadence Spectre PSS/Pnoise.


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« Last Edit: May 1st, 2010, 10:54am by pancho_hideboo »  
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love_analog
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #9 - May 1st, 2010, 9:52am
 
Now I know what you are saying. Yes, spectrum analyzer measures Sv(f) whereas what we really want is Sphi(f).

2 Question
a) Apart from very close to center frequency, these 2 quantities should be the same? Although I realize that "very close" is not well defined but I presume its a few KHz of the center, or maybe its the point where Sv(f) is flatenning out
b) If I am wrong, what method do you suggest to measure phase noise (if we do not use a spectrum analyzer)

thanks
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pancho_hideboo
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Re: how to measure phase noise of PLL?
Reply #10 - May 4th, 2010, 12:11pm
 
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